Draft “Senior Disaster Preparedness Workshop”

Workshop  Goal: Help make sure seniors become as prepared as they can be.

1: Welcome: Who are You and Are You Prepared?

Room setup:

a. Disaster table

have a science type person available to talk about disaster in Hawaii. Focus on natural disasters.

b. Insurance table

c. “Prepper” table

d. “Planning/ protection table

2: Natural Hazards and Natural Disasters

3: Some Important Things You Need to Know

4: Let’s Make a Plan 


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Using Energy Sources

In the December 8, 2017 Financial Times, Andrew Ward (London) reports on page 2,  “Coal Faces ‘death spiral’ as renewable power replaces fossil fuel”.

He notes that “Coal plants still provide the backbone of the electricity system in parts of Europe but they are facing increasing economic pressure from regulatory measures to reduce emissions, as well as, rising competition from renewable power.” They’re also losing a lot of money. I am guessing that either tacit or open subsidies are also being reduced.

Lastly, the climate think tank,  Carbon Tracker is oft mentioned.

Just saying.

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Climate Change and Health

Asthma, Climate Change, and Health – JB Webinar Notes: These are not official notes of the EPA. They are my notes and provided for your information.
The webinar was provided by the Community Health Partners for Sustainability. http://www.chpfs.org

The webinar was initiated by EPA Office of Children’s Health Protection (OCHP). The OCHP Director is Dr. Ruth A. Etzel, M.D., Ph.D, Director, Phone: (202) 564-2188. Dr. Etzel started the webinar by noted that Climate Change and health is an important health issue. The Climate Crisis is a public health crisis!

She reminded us that October is Children’s Health Month. http://www2.epa.gov/children/childrens-health-month http://www2.epa.gov/children/childrens-health-month

She mentioned the Presidential Climate Action Plan: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/06/25/fact-sheet-president-obama-s-climate-action-plan

The webinar was part of the National Nursing Centers Consortium (NNCC) Healthy Environment for Families program: http://www.nncc.us/index.php/program-center/a-healthy-environment-for-families

Climate change is worse for children with asthma. Increase in heat exacerbate asthma conditions and children in low income families have it worse.

The webinar focused in on EPA Region 3 (Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania)

The webinar reported on Asthma Prevalence: vulnerability, vulnerable populations. Provided pertinent data for each state (and DC).

Environmental triggers for asthma include: volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ground level ozone, nitrous oxides, household pests, and “black” mold.

VOCS: Organic compounds in households: paints, pesticides, cleaning supplies, especially stuff that is stored indoors
Ground level ozone (O3) O3 is harmful at ground level. Nitrous oxides plus Vocs can lead to O# and other stuff known as urban smog
NOx – nitrous oxides: air pollution heavily travelled roadways, unvented gas stoves and heaters household pests
Black mold: warm, damp, humid conditions= bathroom, kitchen, and basements.
Household pests include roaches, dust mites (major contributor to asthma) Increase in humidity means and increase in households pests.
“Climate change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time.” (EPA, 2014)
Climate Changes: Temperature, Sea Level Rise, Precipitation
This in turn has profound effects on: Health, Ecosystems, Agriculture, Forests, Water Resources, and Coastal Areas.
What does Climate Change Look Like Nationally? They used a different graphic but this link pretty much tells the story: http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/images/us/2015/sep/grid/temp/tave-anom-201509.gif
(There is lots of interesting climate information here: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/)

For Asthmatics: Climate Change Means: Increased exposure to: • Air toxins from outdoor sources • Air toxins from indoor sources • Household pests • Molds
How does Climate Change Affect Household pests? The pests like warm humid conditions. The more warm humid conditions, the more pests.
Mold = Higher seas = more frequent flooding.
Air quality = go here to check out the air quality in your community: http://www.airnow.gov/

Greener, cleaner choices: http://www.chpfs.org/chpfs/images/Webinars/AsthmaClimateChange/greener_cleaner.pdf

How to Reduce Impacts
First level (easy), second level (some effort), and third level (habit change – more effort)

Outdoor Air Toxins
First Level: Avoid going outdoors on days with high levels of ground-level ozone • Reduce energy use (e.g. turn off lights when leaving a room)
Second Level: Take alternative transportation (e.g. public transportation, biking or carpooling)
• Convert to a renewable energy supplier

Indoor Air Toxins
First Level: Open windows when cooking or using cleaning chemicals
Second Level: Switch to low VOC products- these are usually labeled “green” • Store paints and other high VOC products in shed detached from home
Third Level: Convert to a renewable energy supplier

Household Pests
First Level: Regularly recycle cardboard, newspaper and boxes to minimize places for pests to hide • Never leave food out • Regularly clean
Second Level: Use mattress and pillow encasements to avoid exposure to pest allergens • Wash linens weekly in very hot water
Third Level: Patch or replace holes in walls or screens • Fix leaks and other causes of moisture buildup

First Level: Regularly clean shower curtains • Ventilate during showers • Do not use a humidifier or vaporizer
Second Level: Use a natural, charcoal-based dehumidifier • Monitor home humidity levels with a hydrometer
Third Level: Install bathroom exhaust fan • Fix leaks and other causes of moisture buildup • Contact a mold removal specialist

Five things you can do right away
1. Open windows when cooking or using cleaning chemicals.
2. Keep pests out of your home by washing dishes often, fixing leaks, and cleaning up clutter.
3. Wash and dry linens weekly on high heat.
4. Stay indoors during extremely hot weather.
5. Ventilate bathrooms during showers by opening windows or using properly vented exhaust fans

See webinar presentation: http://www.chpfs.org/chpfs/images/Webinars/AsthmaClimateChange/ENDURING%20Climate%20Change%20and%20Asthma%20Presentation_Webinar.pdf

This presentation started with the “big picture” using high level individual (who was obviously not recorded previously) moved directly into the subject matter and provided practical, easy to implement solutions and provided hop for the future pending our actions.
This presentation started with the “big picture” using high level individual and moved directly into the subject matter and provided practical, easy to implement solutions and provided hop for the future pending our actions.
Very good presentation.

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Last night, before slipping into dreamland, salt was a pre-occupying thought. Salt? Really?
There is a nice article about salt found on here:


No need to say again that which is reported except that salt is yet another one of those things that requires homeostasis. Not enough and too much are not good.
Some stuff found by looking around:

The Salt Institute (a trade organization) report the following:
“Salt producers use three basic technologies to create salt for its myriad uses. Now-buried dried-up oceans of geologic ages past have left many areas, under both land and sea, with concentrated salt sedimentary layers which can exceed fifty feet in thickness. Two technologies exploit these underground deposits: conventional shaft mining where miners go underground to remove solid rock salt and solution mining where water is pumped underground dissolving the solid salt and then pumping out the salty brine which is de-watered to crystallize the salt. The third method extracts salt from oceans and saline lakes, growing salt crystals much as a farmer grows crops of vegetables or grain. Respectively, the products of these technologies are known as rock salt, evaporated salt (or vacuum pan salt) and solar (or sea) salt.

Among the three technologies, most producers around the world are engaged in solar salt production, the least expensive technology available, when favored by a dry and windy climate. But vast quantities of rock salt are extracted in large commercial mines and chemical companies utilize an enormous amount of salt in the form of brine that never is crystallized into dry salt.”

Of course one of the largest sources of salt is the ocean. If one lives on an island, a little bit of patience is needed to “make” salt.

The USGS in their report U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries, January 2015 report, indicates:
Domestic Production and Use: Domestic production of salt increased by 9% in 2014 to 44.1 million tons. The total value was estimated to be about $2.2 billion. Twenty-eight companies operated 61 plants in 16 States. Five of the seven leading States were, in descending order of total salt sold or used, Louisiana with 33%; Texas, 18%; New York, 17%; Kansas, 6%; and Utah, 5%. Ohio and Michigan were among the top seven leading States in total salt sold or used but their rankings are withheld to protect proprietary data. The estimated percentage of salt sold or used was, by type, rock salt, 42%; salt in brine, 40%; vacuum pan, 10%; and solar salt, 8%.

Price, average value of bulk, pellets and packaged salt, dollars per ton, f.o.b. mine and plant
Year                                                   2010            2011            2012            2013             2014
Vacuum and open pan salt       180.08          174.00         169.93         178.65            180.00
Solar salt                                          57.41             51.19           71.87            81.36             83.00
Rock salt                                          35.67            38.29          36.89           47.24              55.00
Salt in brine                                      7.49              8.14             8.44              8.49               8.50

Employment, mine and               4,100            4,100           4,100            4,100            4,200
plant, number
Notes: Excludes production from Puerto Rico; 2014 numbers estimated.

It is interesting to note the prices changes, especially in solar salt and rock salt while total employment numbers remain unchanged.


So why should anyone care?
Perhaps because along with water and apparently mobile devices, salt is a survival need.

Salt production apparently relies on our home’s climate for production. Wonder what a significant change in our home’s climate will do salt production? Perhaps we’ll need to rely on subsurface production. What about sea level rise? Who owns the salt resources? Does it really matter? Just asking.

Here’s a Salt Institute Map:

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EPA Updates Air Quality Index – Ozone Standard My Draft Notes

On October 1, 2015, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) held a Teleconference Call to announce new Ozone Standards.

EPA stated that “the updated standards are particularly important for at-risk groups, which include children, people of all ages with asthma and other respiratory diseases; older adults; and people who are active outdoors, especially outdoor workers, among others. EPA also updated the Air Quality Index (AQI) for ozone and the ozone monitoring season in many states to help inform the public about daily air quality.”

EPA is setting the 100 value of the index at the 70 parts per billion (ppb), the level of the primary 8‐hour ozone standard. An AQI of 100 is the upper end of the “Moderate” or “Code Yellow” range and marks the level above which EPA begins cautioning at risk groups. The “Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups” or “Code Orange” range (AQI of 101-150) will begin at 71 ppb and will extend to 85 ppb. The update announcement is here:


EPA Explained the benefits of a 70 ppb standard. States, tribes, and pertinent local entities monitor (and report to EPA).The new rules expand the monitoring season. Monitoring for California will be dealt with separately. States, tribes, and pertinent local entities will need a monitoring plan and must demonstrate how citizens are alerted when Ozone levels are greater than 70 ppb at minimum.

EPA issues two standards, as required by the Clean Air Act: a primary standard, to protect public health; and a secondary standard, to protect the public welfare (in this case, trees, plants and ecosystems. EPA announced that the secondary standard is also 70 ppb.

The deadline for identifying designated areas is October 2017. By January 1, 2020, states, tribes, and pertinent local entities must have a plan. An approved plan is a necessary requirement for funding from EPA for ozone protection strategies.

EPA answered some calls. The callers were primarily representatives from respiratory health advocacy entities and were concerned that advice to lower standard even further was not heeded. The response was that the administrator made the call ostensibly based on all information available.

To see a map of air quality in your area go here: http://www.airnow.gov/


Ozone Basics:

Additional information about ground-level ozone can be found on EPA’s website:


Here is what some news sources are saying:

Chattanooga, TN

Los Angeles, CA

Springfield, MO

Corpus Christi, TX

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The eleventh day of self employment

This is my eleventh day of “self-employment”. Or maybe my eleventh day of not being unemployed.


IPCCWG is necessary and important. Okay so what I really mean by that statement is based upon the question “Is it necessary? Is existence required?” “Is it important? Are we willing to be counted?

I am not sure about my other thoughts. The thoughts do not necessarily make much sense. To me and perhaps others.

Can past trends be a predictor of present and future activities? What is a trend? When is it a trend and when is it merely a list of things that occurred? Example, I made a chart showing a time series of FEMA Major Disaster Declarations from 1953 t0 present (meaning presently available data). The line looks like there are more Major Disaster Declarations over time (except recently). The average is about 35 major disaster declarations per year. Is there a trend? What is the trend? More disasters? More ability to prepare a good letter to the President and FEMA saying that what has happened is so bad that we need federal assistance? Is there a trend toward less resilience? Or are there no trends but simply a list of activities undertaken by a US federal agency?

It’s raining. my mind  wandered away from thought.

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Notes: Thoughts for concept
community disaster resilience, how? (focus on the what and why before funding. if good what and why then funding flows – we hope)
Training? formal? informal? events? workshops?
Have idea: scan documents for people and store – dvd – cloud – thumb drive – elsewhere
involve? so far 1 and 1’s work mom. keep close till ready
continue thoughts when can focus

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